Setup File server on ubuntu 14.04 ( Samba )
5 March, 2021 by
Setup File server on ubuntu 14.04 ( Samba )
| No comments yet


Samba is a free software used to enable file and print services on unix-like systems. It runs on most unix variants, such as Linux, AIX, Solaris and BSD.
This article helps you to set up file server on ubuntu 14.04 server. This article contains steps for creating both anonymous ( without username and password ) and secured shares .
1. Anonymous share.
2. Secured share.
3. User creation.

Setup File server on ubuntu 14.04

Step 1 » Install samba packages after updating repositories
[email protected]:~$ sudo apt-get update
[email protected]:~$ sudo apt-get install samba samba-common python-glade2

Creating Anonymous share

Everyone can access and store files without username and password .
Step 2 » Create folder for Anonymous share.
[email protected]:~$ sudo mkdir -p /shares/anonymous
Step 3 » Change the ownership to nobody so that everyone can access and store files in that folder.
[email protected]:~$ sudo chown nobody:nogroup /shares/anonymous/
Step 4 » Now define values in samba configuration to share /shares/anonymous/folder. /etc/samba/smb.conf is the main configurion file for samba .
Take a backup before editing that file .
[email protected]:~$ sudo cp /etc/samba/smb.conf /etc/samba/smb.conf.orgnow add the below code at the end of the file to enable share.
[email protected]:~$ sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

Step 5 » Now restart smbd service .
[email protected]:~$ sudo service smbd restart
After restarting service . Try to access share from windows client (Goto -> RUN ->\serverIP ) . you could access anonymous share folder without username and password, try to create or copy files to that folder.

Creating secured share

Secured shares can be accessed using username and password .Here for example, I’m going to create share project1.
Step 6 » Create a folder for share .
[email protected]:~$ sudo mkdir -p /shares/project1
Step 7 » Create a new group smbproj1,so that Users added to this group can access project1 share.
[email protected]:~$ sudo addgroup smbproj1
Step 8 » Modify ownership and permission for the folder.
[email protected]:~$ sudo chown root:smbproj1 /shares/project1/
[email protected]:~$ sudo chmod 770 /shares/project1/

Step 9 » Now define values in the configuration file .
[email protected]:~$ sudo vim /etc/samba/smb.conf

Step 10 » Now restart smbd service .
[email protected]:~$ sudo service smbd restartAfter restarting service, you could see Project1 share . Additional secured shares can be created in the same way.
setup file server on ubuntu 14.04

User creation

Add new user john for accessing project1 share
Step 11 » Create a user john .
[email protected]:~$ sudo useradd john -s /usr/sbin/nologin -G smbproj1-s /usr/sbin/nologin : Restricting shell access
-G smbproj1 : Added to smbproj1 group
Step 12 » Create samba password for user john
[email protected]:~$ sudo smbpasswd -a john
Now user john can access Project1 share. Additional users can be added in the same way.
For existing users use usermod command to add user in smbproj1 group and create samba password using smbpasswd.
[email protected]:~$ sudo usermod mike -G smbproj1
For accessing multiple shares. Example: dave has access to multiple project groups like smbproj1 and smbproj2.
[email protected]:~$ sudo usermod dave -G smbproj1,smbproj2
For troubleshooting, Use testparm command
For more info Samba file server guide


Sign in to leave a comment